Gameplay in Brief:
Rook uses a 57-card deck (four suits, 1-14, plus one special Rook card). Any number of rule sets have been developed over the years, and the game itself comes with several variants, but the basic game is a four-player partnership bidding game.
For 2 to 6 players, ages 8 and up. About 45 minutes per game.
Rook was designed by George S. Parker.
Rook was originally published by Parker Brothers, now owned by Hasbro, in 1906.
In 1992, Parker Brothers published Rook Plus: The Wild Bird Game, a sort of cross between Rook and 4x4 Tic Tac Toe.
Why Rook is Part of the Games Timeline:
Rook was one of the first proprietary card games, and it remains in print today. Here are the other games I believe are the most culturally and historically significant games published since 1800.