Gameplay in Brief:
The goal of Magic: the Gathering (often referred to as Magic, M:tG or MtG) is to win a duel against your opponent, reducing his life points to zero. Thousands of Magic cards have been published, and players use them to build customized decks for each game. A professional Magic: the Gathering tour brings together some of the world's best players.
For 2 players, ages 12 and up. About 20 minutes per game.
Magic: the Gathering was designed by Richard Garfield.
Magic: the Gathering is published by Wizards of the Coast, which is now owned by Hasbro. It was first released in 1993.
Magic: the Gathering is a collectible card game.
Why Magic: the Gathering is Part of the Games Timeline:
Magic: the Gathering defined an entirely new category of game: the collectible card game. Here are the other games I believe are the most culturally and historically significant games published since 1800.